RAS mutations in acute myeloid leukaemia patients: A review and meta-analysis.

img 2018, Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry

Liu Xin, Zhao Xi-Long

RAS oncogene mutations frequently occur in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), but the prognostic significance of RAS mutations in AML is inconclusive. We searched the databases of PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Cochrane from 1990 to 2018. In this study, 24 eligible studies were included, and the meta-analysis was conducted with the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2 software program. The row hazard ratio (HR) was adjusted and re-evaluated when publication bias existed after detecting all the heterogeneities. A combined analysis showed that RAS mutations were not associated with a poor prognosis in general AML patients (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.78-1.19, p = 0.70). To further verify the results, a subgroup analysis was conducted. Interestingly, in the analysis of age bracket, children with RAS mutations had an unfavourable survival (HR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.05-1.75, p = 0.02) of AML, but the adults did not (HR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.70-1.09, p = 0.21). Further analysis of the subgroup of children indicated that patients with NRAS mutations had an adverse prognosis (HR: 1.55, 95% CI: 1.13-2.12, p = 0.007), but not those with KRAS mutations (HR: 1.51, 95% CI: 0.34-6.73, p = 0.59). In conclusion, this study revealed that RAS mutations did not influence the over survival for adults with AML. However, NRAS mutations may be a key prognostic marker related with poor survival for children with AML.

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